Under the PADAP project, the sites are commonly referred to as landscapes. This term includes all watersheds that constitute the source of water for a given irrigation system.
5 sites established in the North, East and West of Madagascar
For the time being, PADAP operates in five districts in the North, East and West of the Great Island. Thanks to the help of its various partners, the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries has managed to set up a site in Andapa, in the SAVA region, in the province of Diego-Suarez.
The project actors are also involved in Soanierana Ivongo and Iazafo, which, let us recall, is located in the Analanjirofo region, in the province of Toamasina. Other sites have also been established in Mahajanga province. There is one in Bealanana, in the Sofia region and another in Marovoay, in the Boeny region.
Criteria for selecting PADAP landscapes
The landscapes in PADAP were not chosen at random. They were selected due to the presence of large irrigated areas drawing their water supply from the available watersheds. It is understood that irrigated areas have a considerable place in the production of food crops. They therefore guarantee agricultural incomes and thus food security at regional and national levels.
The sites also have the potential for economic development related to agriculture but also and especially to the management and conservation of watersheds whose degradation affects water resources.
Landscapes also stand out because of their potential for ecosystem conservation and biodiversity protection.
Characteristics of each landscape
The five landscapes present different agro-ecological environments, agricultural systems, social and institutional structure. The eastern coastal area of Andapa has vast canals and rivers, both favourable for irrigated rice cultivation, horticulture and livestock.
Small dams, irrigation canals, villages and access roads make the landscape of Iazafo unique. The population of this area mainly practices cultivation on the slopes, in level curves and on terraces. Land is generally used for food and cash crops.
In the case of Soanierana Ivongo, the main focus is on forestry, agroforestry, reforestation and road maintenance.
The landscape of Bealanana, for its part, is an area dedicated to conservation. Hence the practice of anthropogenic activity «non-consuming».