The stabilization of the hillsides and the restoration of the forest landscapes are integral to the priorities of the PADAP project. $14.4 million will be dedicated to related activities.
Forestry exploitation and management at the heart of the PADAP project
A total of 6000 hectares of terraces and level curves will be built in the five landscapes selected under the PADAP project. The construction will be carried out either by specialized companies working under contract, or by money-for-work programs, depending on the complexity of the work required.
As for the restoration of the forest landscape, activities revolve around the protection of banks and the stabilization of ravines (lavaka). The idea is basically to consolidate the skills of local communities and authorities in this area, in order to optimize ecological connectivity and hydrological function in the landscapes. In all, the PADAP project aims to stabilize 500 ha of active ravines in some watersheds located in Andapa, Soanierana Ivongo, Iazafo, Bealanana and Marovoay.
Promotion of agroforestry practices
The PADAP project particularly encourages agroforestry practices such as strip farming and forestry, which involves planting cash crops in the undergrowth. The advantage of this practice is its ability to promote ecosystem preservation and high yield generation.
The introduction of practices to prevent and limit erosion while improving soil fertility, including rows of hedgerows, is also on the list of activities to be carried out under the PADAP project. In addition, stakeholders will work to develop riparian buffers and/or live hedgerows. This helps protect the banks’ banks as well as livestock and settlement canals.
Planting a tree and receiving money
In order to protect the banks, the PADAP project promotes the planting of endemic tree species among local communities occupying particularly sensitive areas in each of the five selected landscapes. This activity is expected to cover approximately 1,500 ha of land in 37 municipalities in the SAVA, Analanjirofo, Sofia and Boeny regions. Participants will receive equipment and tree plants.
In addition, the PADAP project has found a way to encourage smallholder farmers to reforest their land, especially those in the watersheds surrounding the irrigated areas. This includes rewarding farmers for each tree replanted on cleared land. As an integral part of a cash for trees program, the approach serves both the objective of combating erosion and social protection in the poorest communities.
On presentation of a land certificate, 50% of the incentive will be paid in the first year according to the number of live trees planted on the plot. The remaining 50% will be paid the following year based on the number of live trees on the plot. The amount of the incentive will vary from place to place. It will be reasonably based on the daily farm wage in each region.
The silver-for-trees program will be coordinated by a service provider selected from a group of agencies or NGOs that specialize in the field.